Years 1801 to 1850

369 Saltburn – Known that a watchtower built by the Romans was situated on Huntcliff. Saltburn. By lighting of fires sent out messages warning other locations (with watchtowers) of possible danger etc.
410 Romans left Britain
450 Angles (Denmark) and Saxons (Germans) settling in Britain. River Tees area. Mainly Angles from South Jutland settling in areas near rivers and sea.
Circa 550 Anglo-Saxon King Ida conquers land to the South of the Tees.
642 King of Oswy shares land south from Northumbria with Oswine (King of Deria) to south of the Tees.
651 King Oswy of Bernicia appointed Ethelwald, (son of King Oswald) to land South of the Tees.
680 St. Hilda abbess of Whitby died.
793 Vikings raid Lindisfarne followed by Hartlepool in 800
867 Danes now seem to be settling on land South of the River Tees, Yorkshire.
918 Irish-Viking area of Yorkshire ruled by Ragnald follwing capture of York.
954 Yorkhire becomes ruled by King’s from Southern England
1014 King Canute elected KIng of England.
1069 William the Conqueror in Yorkshire with campaign which foces people from to area onto the North Yorkshire Moors
1086 Two Northern Earls rebel against Norman raiders. Believed to have been a battle on Coatham Marshes
10/07/1099 The death of El Cid, national hero of Spain.
05/08/1100 In Westminster Abbey, Henry 1 was crowned KIng of England.
1139 River Tees now border for Scotland
1157 King Henry II reclaims Northumberland from the Scots. River Tees no longer border between England and Scotland.
09/08/1173 Construction of the Leaning Tower of Pisa began in Italy.
20/09/1187 Saladin, the first Sultan of Egypt and Syria, began Siege of Jerusalem.
03/09/1189 Richard 1 ‘The Lionheart’ of England was crowned in Westminster, London.
1200s Known that John Andrew ‘King born Saltburn took over Smugglers’ took over The Ship Inn, Old Saltburn.
1205 Port of Coatham pays King John’s custom toll of 17 shillings.
15/06/1215 King John of England put his seal on the ‘Magna Carta’.
1215 Hermitage located at Saltburn.
1257 Market and fair granted to Marmaduke de Thweng at Coatham near Redcar
24/06/2015 Battle of Bannockburn; Scotland regained independence from England.
1400’s Sulpitius Chapel
Sulpitius Chapel was its name in the 15th century. First mention to come about referees to the middle late 1400’s than again in the middle 1800’s. Human bones were found adjacent to Fisherman’s Crossing in 1911, which were buried in Coatham Church yard.
No one knows today where the exact location, where the Sulpitius Chapel was situated. The nearest places would appear to be Coatham Marshes near to the Marsh House Farm.
1470 First indication of shipbuilding on the River Tees when a ship made of wood and iron nails is built for Bishop of Durham.
19/11/1493 Christopher Columbus discovered Puerto Rico.
31/07/1498 Christopher Columbus landed in Trinidad.
13/09/1501 Michelangelo begins work on his statue of David.
13/09/1503 Michelangelo began work on his famous statue ‘David’.
1510 Redcar recorded as being a ‘poor fishing town.
15/09/1514 Thomas Wolsey became Archbishop of York.
1551 The first sixpence brought into circulation.
17/11/1558 Elizabeth 1 ascended the English throne.
23/04/1564 The birth of William Shakespeare at Stratford-on-Avon. He also died on this date in 1616.
1586 The land of Kirkleatham sold to a William Bellasis
1587 The plague hits the North East area.
05/11/1605 The ‘Gunpowder Plot’ failed to destroy Parliament.
10/09/1609 Henry Hudson discovers Manhattan Island and the indigenous people living there.
29/06/1613 London’s Globe Theatre burned to the ground.
1614 Hartlepool onlyses port on North East coast, but a report of Yarm inland (River Tees) recorded
18/06/1815 Napoleon defeated at Waterloo by British and Allied forces as he faced the Duke of Wellington
23/04/1616 The death of William Shakespeare.. He was born on this date 15/04/1564 at Stratford-on-Avon.
29/10/1618 Sir Walter Raleigh was executed for alleged conspiracy against James 1 of England.
15/08/1620 Merchant ships ‘The Mayflower and ‘Speedwell’ left Plymouth for the New World, but both returned because of bad weather
1622 Stockton rpeorted with ships being loaded with coal for use elsewhere.
18/11/1626 St. Peter’s Basilica is consecrated.
1623 Manor of Kirkleatham sold again, from William Bellasis to John Turner.
1635 Extensive flooding reported along the River Tees.
23/10/1642 ‘The Battle of Edgehill’: the first major conflict of the English Civil War.
02/09/1666 Great Fire of London began at 2am in Pudding Lane, 80% of London was destroyed.
15/10/1666 The first waistcoat was worn by King Charles II, according to Samuel Pepys.
1676 Kirkleatham Turner’s Hospital came into being.
1708 Kirkleatham School by Sir William Turner called Kirkleatham Old Hall.
1728 Marton in Cleveland Captain Cook was born.
22/09/1735 Walpole became the first British politician to occupy 10, Downing Street.
1740 Land on the North side of the River Tees reclaimed from the sea.
1740 Thomas Dundas was born. He had been created Baron Dundas of Aske in 1794
1748 Lowther family purchase the manor of Wilton
04/09/1752 Calendar was reformed as Britain was 11 days behind the rest of Europe. This meant in Britain, 3rd September 1752, became the 14th September 1752, and 11 days of the calendar went missing.
(i.e. As of the start of 1752, the Gregorian calendar was 11 days ahead of the Julian calendar.)
17/03/1753 First Official St. Patrick’s Day.
1753 Extensive flooding again reported along River Tees
1767 First sighting of the island of Tahiti, by English sea captain, Samuel Wallis.
1774 Flooding destroys bridges and property over vast area.
1779 Captain Cook murdered at Hawaii.
1780 Some river traffic (boats) stuck in river due river freezing over.
07/10/1769 Captain Cook reached New Zealand.
04/05/1780 The first Derby Horse Race was run at Epsom, won by ‘Diomed’
02/01/1833 Reassertion of British sovereignty over the Falkland Islands.
03/11/1873 Highwayman John Austin became the last person to be hanged at Tyburn, London.
08/08/1876 Mount Blanc was scaled. The highest mountain in the Alps stands 4,810m above sea level
17/08/1786 The birth of Davy Crockett ‘Battle of the Alamo’
14/07/1789 French revolutionaries stormed the Bastille. National Day in France.
28/04/1789 Captain Bligh and 16 loyalists set adrift in a launch from the ship ‘HMS Bounty’ as mutineers took over the ship. It is said that he steered the launch in the South Pacific 3,618 miles to Timor.
04/12/1791 The first issue of ‘The Observer’, the first Sunday Newspaper, was published.
1794 Thomas Dundas created Baron Dundas of Aske.
1795 Vessels of weight 125 tons reaching port of Stockton.
25/071797 Horatio Nelson lost his right arm during the failed attempt to conquer Tenerife.
1800 Boundary Fence was built as such was the rivalry in the past between Coatham and Redcar, they put up a wooden boundary fence between their two communities to make quite clear which area you were in. The boundary fence started in West terrace, and travelled southerly in a straight line between West Dyke ditch to Kirkleatham.

1800 Warrenby Church.
Sulpitius Chapel was its name in the 15th century. First mention to come about referees to the middle late 1400’s than again in the middle 1800’s
Human bones were found adjacent to Fisherman’s Crossing in 1911, which were buried in Coatham Church yard.
No one knows today where the exact location, where the Sulpitius Chapel was situated.
The nearest places would appear to be Coatham Marshes near to the Marsh House Farm.
1800 Further land reclaimed along north side of River Tees.
1801 The first Census was undertaken in Britain.
1801 First national census – 115 houses with 170 males and 261 females Population of Redcar 431. Coatham population was included in Kirkleatham.
1801 Redcar & Marske following information revealed. 217 house, 227 families, 934 inhabitants, and the number of females exceeded males by nearly two to one.
03/03/1802 Beethoven’s Moonlight Sonata was published.
19/05/1802 Napoleon Bonaparte founds the Legion of Honour.
1802 At this time Redcar was a village of only two rows of houses.
1802 Rev Thomas Williamson placed an order with Henry Greathead for a lifeboat at Redcar.
07/10/1802 Built in Sunderland the arrival of the lifeboat, Cost £200,,raised by fishermen. New Lifeboat into service in Redcar, and just called ‘Lifeboat’ saving over 502 lives. (This went on to be the oldest lifeboat in the World the ‘Zetland’).
07/10/1802 Redcar population was 500
26/10/1803 Joseph Hansom, inventor of the Hansom Cab in 1834 was born. They proved the most popular cabs and were later introduced in New York.
1804 At this time the village of Redcar had 160 houses.
01/12/1804 Napoleon was crowned emperor of France at the Cathedral of Notre Dame in Paris.
18/05/1804 Napoleon Bonaparte proclaimed Emperor of France.
21/10/1805 Lord Nelson, English naval hero, killed at the Battle of Trafalgar, dying at the moment the Franco-Spanish fleet surrendered.
20/11/1805 Beethoven’s only opera ‘Fidelio’ premieres in Vienna.
19/01/1806 The United Kingdom occupied the Cape of Good Hope.
22/11/1808 Thomas Cook, who pioneered the holiday package tour, was born in Derbyshire.
17/08/1896 First pedestrian kiolled in Britain by a motor vehicle Mrs Bridget Driscoll of Croydon. Vehicle travelling at 4mph.
1807 Next to school was the Methodist Meeting House – the first place of worship in Redcar.
1807 Zetland School built on West Terrace, with masters houses donated by Earl of Zetland.
1808 Rev William S Graves said, “Sand hills are as high as the cottages”.
1808 Tees Navigation Company formed and took over the running of ship activity. The Turner family lost all rights to levy charges to visiting ships.
29/12/1809 William Ewart Gladstone was born in Liverpool. Four times prime minister, he is remembered not only for politics but for the Gladstone bag and Gladstone collar.
1810 By this date, Redcar was beginning to be known as a health resort and it had 12 bathing machines. However, it was still mainly a fishing village, with about 160 houses built along sides of one street, which was always covered with heaps of drift sand.
01/03/1810 Composer Frederic Chopin was born near Warsaw, Poland.
27/04/1810 Beethoven composes ‘Fur Elsie’.
1810 W. Hutton published a book “A Trip to Coatham”.
1810 William Hutton said, “Coatham and Redcar are two separate villages scarcely known as neighbours.
1810 Sir Charles Turner died.
1811 Population of Redcar 411.
14/09/1812 Napoleon entered Moscow which had been abandoned by the Russians and their scorched earth policy. He soon retreated as Winter was approaching.
16/11/1812 Reported that concern was growing between the council and LNER regarding the cleaning of the footbridge across the West Dyke Road crossing. The council had already agreed to lightly clean the bridge litter etc, but no reply was forthcoming from LNER. A local reporter suggest that the council had more than accommodated LNER and he/she stated that, “If the councils requirement were not met the LNER should cover the bridge up, and put locked gates at both sides to stop access”.
08/12/1813 Premiers of Beethoven’s
Seventh Symphony
1815 Redcar’s only street was the High Street, and had 62 houses and the Red Lion Inn (South side), 48 houses and the Swan & Ship Inn (North side).
1815 Lifeboat House the only building fronting the sea. 5 houses situated in road between South and North Side.
26/02/1815 Napoleon Bonaparte escapes from Elba.
15/07/1815 Napoleonic Wars: Napoleon Bonaparte surrenders aboard HMS Bellerophon.
24/11/1815 The birth of English heroine Grace Darling.
21/04/1816 Charlotte Bronte, eldest daughter of the three Bronte Sisters and author of Jayne Eyre, was born in Thornton, Yorkshire
06/07/1816 Richard Brinsley Sheridan, Irish born playwright of The Rivals died. He became manager of the Drury Lane Theatre as well as a politician but died in poverty.
08/03/1817 The New York Stock Exchange is founded.
07/07/2017 The first authentic historical novel. Sir Walter Scott’s Waverly
18/07/1817 Author Jane Austin died at the age of 41. Medical authorities now believe she died fro Addison’s Disease.
30/12/1817 First coffee planted in Hawaii
1818 Subscription commenced for the erection of St. Peters Church.
05/05/1818 Father of communism Karl Heinrich Marx was born in Trier, Germany, the son of a Jewish lawyer.
06/02/1819 Sir Thomas Stamford Raffles founds Singapore.
24/05/1819 Queen Victoria was born at Kensington Palace.
26/08/1819 Prince Albert Consort to Queen Victoria, was born in Bavaria.
1819 Town had 12 bathing machines, a theatre and library.
12/05/1820 Florence Nightingale Born in Florence (after the city of her birth.
14/06/1820 Thomas Dundas died aged 80.
1820 Post Office established at 38-40 High Street.
1820 Council acquired foreshore rights. The traders on the beach i.e. stalls, kiosks found that the rents on their businesses were to expensive, so left the beach area.
23/02/1821 John Keats, English poet famous for his odes, died of tuberculosis in Rome, aged 25.
18/06/1821 Coronation of George IV of the United Kingdom.
27/09/1821 Mexico gains its independence from Spain.
04/11/1821 Ninety-five ships were driven ashore off Redcar.
1821 Baines Directory shows Redcar population 279 Males and 394 Females. Possible imbalance was that many fishermen had to move away to make a living
16/02/1822 Francis Galton, founder of a new science called “eugenics” was born in Birmingham. Among his ideas was the systematic creation of a superior race of human beings, later tried by Hitler.
28/02/1822 It was reported that a smuggler on Redcar Rocks, laden with gin, was assisted off the rocks to safety by Redcar Fishermen, who received payment in kind i.e. Gin
30/03/1822 The Florida Territory is created in the United States
13/10/1822 Stormy weather caused The brig Ovington, of Newcastle, Captain in charge Cpt. Waters, Became wrecked on Marske sands. 13 people on board all saved, one dying later on shore.
13/10/1822 Five colliers ashore West Coatham sands.
1822 This year believed to be the first occasion that the drum was used to summon the lifeboat men
1823 Foundation stone laid for St. Peters Church.
1823 Bathing Machine purchased by Dinah Carter and hired out to bathers on Redcar Beach.
10/05/1824 The Nationa Gallery in London opens to the public.
1824 11th, October, 140 ships driven onto shore at Redcar.Plans were later suggested for the construction of a harbour to safeguard shipping but nothing came of them.
1825 Between this year and 100 years hence 1925 – 500 vessels of different description would be wrecked on the coastline stretching from the entrance to the Tees River, to a point at Saltburn.
25/08/1825 Uruguay declared independence from Brazil.
27/09/1825 The Stockton and Darlington Railway, the world’s first public passenger service – built by George Stephenson – was inaugurated.
1826 The whaler ‘Esk’ 7th September, onto rocks Redcar East during on shore winds. 17 lives lost.
26/03/1827 Famously deaf composer Ludwig van Beethoven died in Vienna aged 57
26/01/1828 The Duke of Wellington became Prime Minister.
1828 James Fleck Master mariner brother-in-law to James Cook died April 20th. Buried St. Germain’s Church, Marske.
24/12/1828 William Burke went on trial in Edinburgh. He was charged with grave robbing and murdering locals to sell their bodies to medical professionals for dissection. Later hanged. Partner William Hare.
28/01/1829 Body-snatcher William Burke was hanged in front of a huge crowd.
12/03/1829 Cambridge University challenged Oxford University to a rowing race.
06/10/1829 Trials at Rainhill for a locomotive to use on the Liverpool to Manchester Railway. The winner Stephenson’s Rocket..
27/12/1830 Chain Bridge built over the River Tees and Middlesbrough Branch of the Stockton and Darlington Railway opened. Bridge built above Stockton.
01/08/1831 A new London Bridge opens.
29/08/1831 Michael Faraday discovers electromagnetic induction.
1832 CHOLERA deaths at Hartlepool numbered 57 out of a population of 1400.
02/01/1833 Reassertion of British Sovereignty over the Falkland Islands.
1833 1st Agricultural Show held Redcar Racecourse – lasted 134 years.
1833 Port William Harbour Scheme envisaged.
21/10/1833 Alfred Nobel, industrialist, and inventor of Dynamite was born in Stockholm. He was the founder of the Nobel Prizes.
19/12/1835 Naturalist Charles Darwin arrived at New Zealand, on a voyage which was estimate to take 3 years. The trip lasted 5 years.
30/08/1835 Melbourne, is founded.
30/11/1835 Mark Twain, author of The Adventures of Tom Sawyer, and The Adventures Of Huckleberry Finn, was born in Missouri.
12/03/1836 Isabella Mary Mayson, who became Mrs Beeton of cookery book fame, was born in London
1838 Grandson of Sir Lawrence Dundas, made 1st Earl of Zetland.
26/06/1838 Queen Victoria was crowned in Westminster Abbey, aged 19. During the ceremony, Austrian composer Johann Strauss conducted his orchestra playing God Save The Queen.
07/09/1838 Grace Darling, 22, daughter of a lighthouse keeper, made the famous rescue of the crew of the steamship Forfarshire, shipwrecked near the Farne Islands off the Northumberland coast
13/07/1837 Queen Victoria moved into Buckingham Palace, the first monarch to live there.
1839 Bill laid before Parliament for Port William Harbour Scheme, but strongly opposed by the Port of Stockton, who felt their trade would suffer.
19/02/1839 1st Earl of Zetland, died aged 72. The title bestowed 2nd July1838. , less than a week after Queen Victoria coronation. Prior to that he had been Baron Dundas of Aske.
26/02/1839 The first Grand National Race was held at Aintree Racecourse.
09/09/1839 John Herschel takes the first glass-plate photograph.
15/10/1839 Queen Victoria proposed to her cousin Prince Albert, the son of her uncle Duke Ernest of Sax-Coburg-Gotha.
10/01/1840 Uniform Penny Postage was introduced after a short test of charging by weight at 4d rate.
14/06/1839 The first Henley Regatta on the River Thames took place.
06/05/1840 First adhesive postage stamps released 1d Black and the the 2d Blue.
21/05/1840 New Zealand was declared a British colony.
1840 The main decoy known to have been constructed on Coatham Marsh was made in 1840, by the then owner, Mr. H. Vansittart, round part of a “stell” or “fleet” off the meadows down to the Tees.
1840 30 vessels got into difficult during one day of this year. All along the coastline between the River Tees & Saltburn. Date not known
1840 Middlesbrough Docks opened.
07/10/1840 Willern II becomes King of the Netherlands.
10/02/1840 Queen Victoria married Prince Albert of Saxe-Coburg-Gotha.
20/01/1841 Hong Kong Island is occupied by the British.
30/10/1841 Fire at the Tower of London.
1841 Coatham waned as a resort and all bathing machines etc., moved to Redcar.
09/11/1841 Edward VII eldest son of Queen Victoria and Price Albert was born.
27/12/1841 John Coulson held a public meeting in the Crown and Anchor Hotel, High Street, Redcar, regarding his projection of extending the railway from Middlesbrough to Redcar.
1842 Biggest catches of Salmon caught on the River Tees.
1842 02/04/1842 Provisional Committee formed re extension of railway to Redcar, and steps were taken for an application for an Act of Parliament.
13/06/1842 Queen Victoria became the first British monarch to travel by train.
06/04/1843 William Wordsworth was appointed Poet Laureate – the day before his 73rd birthday.
04/11/1843 Nelson’s Column was completed in Trafalgar Square, London.
11/11/1843 ‘The Ugly Duckling’, by Hans Christian Anderson, was first published.
17/12/1843 The first publication of ‘A Christmas Carol’, by Charles Dickens
1844 Charles Dickens said, “What a desolate place”.
23/06/1844 Charles Dickens, novelist, came to Marske on his way to gine one of his celebrated readings. He took a stroll in St. Germain’s churchyard looking for the grave of James Cook, the father of the great explorer. No headstone and a person pointed out the grave to him.
11/10/1844 Beaked Beans magnate HJ Heinz was born of German parents in Pittsburgh.
21/10/1844 Directors of Stockton & Darlington Railway Co.s meet in Middlesbrough with original Redcar committee in favour of the scheme from Redcar to Middlesbrough.
17/03/1845 Elastic bands were patented by Stephen Perry at a firm of vulcanised rubber manufacturers in England.
21/07/1845 Act of Parliament received Royal assent which authorised the building of the railway from Middlesbrough to Redcar. Central Railway Station built ready to accept new trains fro Middlesbrough.
1845 28/09/1745 The British National Anthem was sung for the first time.
1846 With the extension of the Stockton and Darlington Railway to Redcar, it began to develop as a fashionable watering place. It also took part in the general eaxpansion connected with the iron trade. Several iron-stone workings were established in the area.
20/01/1846 The first issue of the Daily News, editied by Charles Dickens, was published in competition to The Times.
1846 Railway cottages located at Redcar.
1846 Racehorse called The Flying Dutchman bred at Kirkleatham Hall. Became cam a champion losing only one of his races.
12/09/1846 Elizabeth Barrett elopes with Robert Browning.
13/12/1846 ‘Wuthering Heights’, by Emily Bronte, was first published.
21/12/1846 Robert Liston used anaesthetic (ether) for the first time in a British operation at University College, London, to perform an amputation of a leg.
03/031847 Alexander Graham Bell, inventor of the telephone, was born in Edinburgh.
1847 The birth of Scottish inventor Alexander Graham Bell.
16/09/1847 The United Shakespeare Company bought the house in which Shakespeare was born at Stratford-on-Avon, Warwickshire for £3,000. It was the first building in Britain to be officially preserved.
02/10/1847 Fire at the new Redcar Railway Station.
08/11/1847 Dracula creator Bram Stoker was born in Dublin.
1848 Sternboard from a 380 tonne barque washed up on Redcar beach, bearing the name Lord Byron.
Note Now in the Zetland Museum after being refurbished.
1848 Railway Cottages built near to original track.
1848 Population was estimated as being less than 1,500.
1848 Reported that fish cobbles/100 men and boys were transporting fish from Redcar to many parts of the country including London.
1848 The Zetland rooms later to become the Zetland Hotel opened a small library with books loaned by John Atkinson.
11/07/1848 Waterloo railway station in London opens.
18/07/1848 The birth of English cricketer W. G. Grace
18/07/1848 WG Grace English crickerter 37 years playing scored nearly 51,000 runs and took more than 2,800 wickets.
1848 Fishing still the main industry with over 36 Cobbles employing ‘One hundred men and boys’.
1848 Large Cobbles (46ft long) costing 30-40 guineas, and the smaller ones (25ft long) costing 12-15 guineas.
1849 Yarm Viaduct built.
1851 The population of Redcar was 1,032.
20/03/1855 Charlotte Bronte, eldest of the Bronte sisters and author of Jayne Eyre, died.
1858 The Can-Can was first performed in Offenbach’s Orpheus in the Underworld in Paris.
16/09/1859 David Livingstone discovered Lake Nyasa.
24/11/1859 The Origin Of Species by Charles Darwin was published.
1861 Stockton & Darlington Railway extended to Saltburn
1889 Redcar and Coatham were amalgamated into one Urban District.


Chris Hansom February 1, 2013 Uncategorized