Years 1850 to 1859

1850 Ironstone discoved in the Eston Hills by John Vaughan
1850 1850 W. Walker & Sons, auctioneer, opened an office in Redcar in 1850. In 1932 the faded advertisement of this could be seen on the wall of Taylor’s Shop gable-end, Newcomen Street.
18/03/1850 American Express is founded by Henry Wells and William Fargo.
16/04/1850 Marie Tussauds died at the age of 88. She established the world famous waxworks near Baker Street, London in 1835. (later burnt down) re-sited 1928 Marylebone Road 1928 as Madame Tussauds
19/11/1850 Alfred Lord Tennyson became Poet Laureate and held the post for 42 years. He was six when he wrote a 6,000 line poem.
1851 The population of Redcar was 1,032.
1851 This is the duplication for another 1851 entry.BBC
24/10/1851 William Lassell discovers the moons Umbriel and Uranus.
1851 First blast furnace built Middlesbrough
12/08/1851 Isaac Singer is granted patent for his sewing machine
00/08/1852 15 stone and 11 feet long sturgeon was caught in the River Tees
1852 Tees Conservancy Commision set up by Act of Parliament. Formerly was the Tees Navigattion Company.
13/03/1853 Artist Vincent van Gough, who painted Sunflowers was born in the Dutch village of Groot-Zundert.
1853 Wesleyan Chapel built in West Terrace.
02/07/1853 Russian Invasion of Turkey which led to the Crimean War.
1854 First steel ship built along the River Tees at Stockton.
1854 Christ Church, Coatham consecrated and built( by Mrs. Newcomen of Kirkleatham Hall.) Known as “The Church In The Fields”.
1854 September 1854 Cholera outbreaks (plus typhoid). Fisherman’s Square rebuilt as ‘South Terrace’.
13/10/1853 Lily Langton, British actress and mistress of Edward VII when he was Prince of Wales was born in Jersey.
21/10/1854 Florence Nightingale, with a staff of 38 nurses, was sent to the Crimean War.
25/10/1854 The battle of Balaclava the Crimean War (Charge of the Light Brigade).
1854 Coatham became a separate parish.
1855 Congregational Church erected in Lord Street in 1855, in a building of stone, Gothic style, with small steeple, seating 300 people.
1855 A ‘Redcar Mutual Improvement Society’ was formed in the town.
1855 No separate authority for Redcar before this date. Order made under- The Public Health Act, 1848 came into being and put Redcar into the parish of Marske.
17/11/1855 David Livingstone becomes the first European to see the Victoria Falls.
27/12/1830 Chain Bridge built over the River Tees and Middlesbrough Branch of the Stockton and Darlington Railway opened. Bridge built above Stockton.
25/02/1856 A peace conference opens in Paris after the Crimean War.
26/07/1856 George Bernard Shaw, playwright, was born in Dublin. Failed novelist was 36 when his first play, Widows’ Houses was performed.
22/02/1857 Lord Baden Powell, English hero of the siege of Mafeking duriong the Boer War and founder of the Boy Scout movement in 1908 in 1908, was born in London.
11/05/1857 Indian rebellion of 1857: Indian rebels seize Delhi from the British.
02/06/1857 Composer Sir Edward Elgar was born in Broadheath, Worcs.
1857 Gas works built in Thrush Lane.
1858 Congregational Church built corner of Lord Street (9 Back Lane) and West Dyke Road. The stone was given by the Earl of Dundas.
1858 Redcar Cricket Club came into being.
14/07/1858 Suffragette Emmeline Pankhurst was born in Manchester.
22/12/1858 Giacomo Puccini, Italian composer of popular operas including La Boheme, Madame Butterfly and Turandot, which was never completed, was born in Lucca.
04/02/1859 The Codex Sinaiticus is discovered in Egypt.
1859 ‘Port William’ was a planned harbour of refuge which was never built.
1859 Up until this year (1859) it was illegal if YOU DID NOT celebrate Guy Fawkes Night.
1859 Zetland School and Masters houses built for 150 pupils. Built by Lord Zetland.
31/05/1859 Big Ben, in the clock tower of the Houses of Parliament in London first began recording time.
30/06/1859 The great tightrope walker Blondin crossed Niagara Falls from the US to Canada in eight minutes. The rope was stretched 1,100 feet and suspended 160 feet above the Falls.
23/07/1859 From 23/07/1859 until 05/10/1859 Nathanial Hawthorne the author stayed at 115, High Street, Redcar with a Mrs King whilst he wrote his books ‘The Magic Faun’. The American Book Club of Cincinatti, preparing the new book for Hawthorne wrote to the Mayor of Redcar, requesting photographs of the house.
1859 National Lifeboat Institution took over the management of Zetland – Redcar Lifeboat.
1859 Port William modified plans put forward but harbour built at Hartlepool in preference to Redcar.
1859 The oldest School in Redcar Zetland Primary School, was established by Lord Zetland.
1859 Cottage Hospital set up in Middlesbrough by Sister Frances Mary Rachel JAQUES
15/09/1859 Isambard Kingdom Brunel probably the greatest British engineer died. He designed the Clifton suspension bridge and designed and built the three largest ships in the world.
1859 First steel ship built on the River Tees at Stockton
1859 CAWTHORNE – Nigel American, Author of The Marble Fawn
Travelling apparently around the North East Coast. Came to Redcar on 26 July 1859, in the quietness that was Redcar at the time; he worked on his final great novel The Marble Faun. He was supposedly resident in a house situated near the corner of the High Street and King Street.
24/11/1859 Charles Darwin publishes “On the Origin of Species.”
1860 Primitive Methodist Church, erected 1860 in plain brick, at Lord Street seating 250 people.
1860 Gospel Mission Rooms in Wilton Street built around this period seating 250 people.
1860 Coatham Parish was formed. Prior to this it had been part of Kirkleatham Parish.
1860 Rev John Postlethwaite first vicar of Coatham bought land from Mrs. Newcomen for the Convalescent Home.
1860 Post Office operating from 44 High Street, Redcar.
1860 Redcar’s population reached 1,300.
11/01/1861 The River Tees was frozen over, with people skating on ice in the Stockton/Yarm areas of the river.
17/05/1861 Group of holidaymakers set off from London to Paris on the first package trip arranged by Thomas Cook.
1861 “Back Lane” renamed “Lord Street”.
1861 Census recorded that there was the 2,000 inhabiatans, with 1,400 in Coatham.
1861 Railway extended to Saltburn with new Redcar Central Station.
1861 Railway Cottages taken down and rebuilt in Kirkleatham Village where they are today.
1861 Port plan for Redcar being a sheletering port for ships. To be called Port William. Plan failed.
1861 Central Railway Station closed and stands empty.
1863 South Gare – Sir Issac Wilson from Nunthorpe Hall laid the first foundation stone, although it was not completed until 24 years later.
1864 Proposition by local board to pull down all the cottages on sea front and build large lodging houses. (Somerset House was the only one built in 1870).
1864 Lifeboats Crossley into service saving 6 lives.
08/12/1864 The Clifton Suspension Bridge over the River Avon at Bristol designed by Brunel, was opened.
1865 Sir Hugh Bell made Chairman of the Tees Conservancy Commission.
1866 Visitors handbook – Redcar verses Coatham. There was a 400yards green belt between the villages.
28/07/1866 Birth of children’s author Beatrix Potter.
23/08/1866 Austro-Prussian War ends with the Treaty of Prague.
1866 Friends meeting House built on Station Road.
21/09/1866 The birth of author H. G. Wells in Bromley, Kent.
1867 Lifeboats – The Burton-on-Trent into service saved 65 lives
1868 Building of Red Barnes House started. To be the home of Thomas Hugh Bell a famous industrialist. Home also of Gertrude Lowthian Bell.
1868 Saltburn Pier Built.
1868 15/01/1868. Flock of wild swans visited Saltscar Rocks neighbourhood. Several sports men endeavoured to have them shot, but unable to get close enough. Rare event on this part of the coast.
1870 The former Coatham Hotel is still situated at the West end of Redcar being built in 1870,
1870 John Gilbert Baker said, “From Middlesbrough to Redcar is margin ed by a series of low marshy fields, intersected by tidal ditches. Railway runs not far from the sea.
1870 Iron stone mining commenced in Kirkleatham.
1870 08/07/1870. Bicycle race from Marske to Redcar held for the first time. 9 entries for the race and a Mr. Wright, of Newcastle in 16 minutes. Winner by 100 yards.
1870 08/07/1870. Redcar Board proposed, “That a bill directing that all persons causing obstruction of the Promenade, or causing a nuisance with refuse of fish should be prosecuted.
1870 08/07/1870. Redcar Board set a ratable value of 2s.3d in the pound.
1870 29/07/1870. A letter was received from The Board Of Trade stating that it was unable to admit the Earl of Zetland’s claim to the foreshore, but was ready to join in any arrangement which, without prejudicing the claim of the Crown to the foreshore. Further enquiries ongoing.
1870 30/09/1870 A second parcel of goods mainly medical (and monies) collected in Redcar, was forwarded to the National Aid Association.
1870 25/11/1870. Formation of Redcar Pier. Advertising in news media
1870 02/12/1870. Plans deposited at the Board of Trade ensure that they will be ensued during the next session of Parliament. i.e. “Redcar Pier” and “Coatham Victoria Pier.”

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Chris Hansom February 1, 2013 Uncategorized